Chi tiết tạp chíNo. 2 - 2013

Social Capital: Symmetric or Asymmetric? The Evidence from Vietnam

Tác giả: Nguyen Quy Thanh, Cao Thi Hai Bac

Trang: 3-23

Nguyen Quy Thanh & Cao Thi Hai Bac Abstract: This paper is intended to analyse the symmetry and/or asymmetry of social capital of the Vietnamese through three dimensions, namely quantity, type, and context of help. Based on data collected from 1430 respondents in five cities/provinces in Vietnam, these three dimensions are compared by using the Paired-samples T-test and McNemar non-parametric test. The findings suggest that social capital in Vietnam is generally asymmetric in terms of the quantity of help, and is rather symmetric in terms of the types of help and contexts of help. Particularly, help such as psychological support, sharing of important information and some contexts of help such as business investment, purchasing durable goods are usually asymmetric as there is more help received than help provided between involved partners. This asymmetry is closely linked to the closeness of friendship of an individual with his/her friends; thus, the more intimate the relationship is, the more likely the social capital becomes asymmetric.
Keywords: Reciprocity; Social capital of Vietnamese people, Symmetry and asymmetry of help; Symmetric and asymmetric of social capital.

Structural Changes within Vietnamese Household and their Correlations with Demographic and Social Elements

Tác giả: Tran Quy Long

Trang: 24-38

Abstract: There have been changes in Vietnamese family structure in the tendency of decrease in scale, dependent ratio and nuclearization and diversity in forms. Changes in Vietnamese family structure feature the completion of population transition: average life-span exceeds 70, decreasing number of birth and total fertility rate reach replacement level. However, there are still differences in family structure in Vietnam among regions and ethnic groups. Socio-economic regions with lower economic growth and regions of ethnic minority groups often have larger household size. It could be demonstrated that socio-economic development in Vietnam has contributed to the changes in Vietnam’s family structure, through making influences on socio-demographic factors. In addition, new cultural context also have a significant impact on the process of changes in family structure through spread of lifestyle and consuming style, living condition, and flexibility in economic life of households.
Keywords: Family; Vietnamese household; Socio-demographic factors; Vietnam’s family structure.

Maltreatment of Children in Hanoi, Vietnam - the Role of Neighborhoods

Tác giả: Nguyen Trung Hai

Trang: 39-62

Abstract: Using a questionnaire from the Families and Neighborhoods Study 2010, this article examines “Maltreatment of children in Hanoi, Vietnam – The role of neighborhood”, focusing on physical abuse and neglect. The research provides strong evidence of the importance of neighbourhoods in prevention of maltreatment in childhood, and of the injuries and fatalities stemming from it. Separate from neighbourhood structure, neighbourhood process is associated with both increased and decreased rates of child maltreatment. Further, informal social control has relationships with minor abuse but in the positive direction, indicating that social informal control could actually increase the rate of minor child abuse.
Key words: Children; Neighbourhood; Children maltreatment, Child abuse.

A Sociological Study on the Broken Marriages of Taiwanese - Vietnamese Couples

Tác giả: Duong Hien Hanh

Trang: 63-76

Abstract: The study used qualitative methods to investigate various relationship situations in which marriages began in Taiwan and couples relocated to Vietnam. The analysis is focused on the perspectives of Taiwanese men and Vietnamese women and how it affected their lives. For flexibility, the purposeful and snowball sampling techniques were used. The findings of this study support the policy of marriage migration from both the Taiwanese and Vietnamese governments and can provide the basis for raising awareness of all parties involved, including the governments of both countries. Finally, this research is useful as a reference to other researchers who want to study foreign marriages in Taiwan.
Keywords: Marriage; Family; Taiwan; Vietnam; Foreign marriage.

Notice of Relocation

Tác giả: Institute of Family and Gender Studies

Trang: 80