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57

199930

Chi tiết tạp chíNo. 1 - 2011

Women’s Leadership in Vietnam’s Public Sector

Tác giả: Vu Manh Loi

Trang: 3-16

Abstract: Using existing data published by public agencies, especially websites of government organizations and agencies, and data from the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery Census 2006, this paper presents analysis of women’s leadership in Vietnam’s public sector. The analysis in this paper shows the fact that women are far less represented among all kinds of leadership in all public sectors. Participation of women is not even across sectors and areas of social life. They tend to have more participation in areas such as cultural, education, and health care, and they have less participation in construction, transportation, and areas of technological nature, and they have no/little representation in defense and security leadership. Where they have more participation, women often do not keep highest positions. The low female leadership is widespread in all provinces and geographical regions. Scatter evidence from the Agricultural, Forestry and Fishery Census 2006 suggests that to achieve the same position as men, women have to work harder and have to have higher education.
Keyword: Women; Women’s Leadership; Women in Public Sector.

Schooling of Children and Adolescents in Rural Areas

Tác giả: Nguyen Duc Vinh

Trang: 17-44

Abstract: The article explores the impacts of individual and family factors on the schooling of children and adolescents in the rural areas of the four provinces: Yen Bai, Ha Nam, Thua Thien Hue and Tien Giang 2004-08. The research findings show that economic difficulty, poor studying performance and no willing to learn are the three main reasons for the dropout of children. Mothers' educational background plays a more important role than fathers' regarding the school enrollment of rural children and adolescents. Parents seem not to have gender discrimination attitudes or behaviors in term of children's education although girls' education is restrained since they have to participate in productive household work earlier and more often than boys. Children having many siblings will encounter more disadvantages in access to schools and schooling on right age, especially among rural areas in the context of economic transition. Keywords: Children; Adolescents; Education.

The Use of Demographic Data in Vietnam

Tác giả: Nguyen Thanh Liem, Le Bach Duong, Nguyen Le Trang

Trang: 45-58

Abstract: Over the past two decades, various demographic surveys were carried out. General Statistics Office of Vietnam under supports of international organizations has collected several nationally representative data. Other Government and non-Government institutions have also collected various data. While those demographic data provide a good resource for policy making and planning, question of their use remained. This paper aims to gather major demographic data in Vietnam over the last two decades, assess their use, and raise recommendations for more effective use of this valuable resource. The results show that those demographic data were under-used: the number of studies using those data source is small and a large number of potential topics for analysis were ignored. Low awareness and accessibility to data, limited human capacity to exploit quantitative data, and lack of resources for in-depth analysis would have contributed to this low use of demographic data and they should be changed. Keywords: Demographic Data Availability.

Divorce in the Rural Red River Delta: Individual and Traditional Factors and the Participation of Social Organization (Case studies in one commune in Hanam province)

Tác giả: Tran Thi Minh Thi

Trang: 59-78

Abstract: This paper aims to examine trend and correlates of divorce in rural areas and to identify social and cultural factors influencing the divorce decision, using data of divorce profiles of one district court in 10 years (i.e. 2000-2009) and case studies of divorced persons at the same district. There is an interesting pattern of the person who initiated divorce that brings out alternative issues of gender equality. There are different variables which correlate to divorce such as age at marriage, marriage duration, number of children, living arrangements after marriage, type of marriage, place of residence, employment, birth cohort, sex of children and etc. In addition, case studies shed lights on alternative aspects in divorce which cannot be absolutely seen in regression analysis. There are also traditional factors involvements in divorce decision. Key words: Divorce; Marriage; Red River Delta.