Chi tiết tạp chíNo. 2 - 2021

An Assessment of Improving Access to Health Services and Social Services by the Joint Program on Essential Services Package for Women and Girls Subject to Violence in Vietnam (A Case-Study in Ben Tre Province of Vietnam)

Tác giả: Le Thi Tuong Van

Trang: 79-96

Abstract:In Viet Nam, approximately 63% of ever married women faced at least one forms of physical, sexual and emotional violence in their life and 31.6% experienced current domestic violence (in last 12 months) by their husbands. Abide by the international commitments; the Government of Viet Nam has taken great efforts in combating gender-based violence. Despite the strong political commitment, there are still many shortcomings and limitations in the current implementation and coordination mechanism for Gender Based Violence prevention and combat. The roll-out of the globally developed essential services guidelines package (ESP) in 2017 by United nations agencies in Viet Nam, presented an opportunity to build further awareness, common understanding and political will among government stakeholders and service providers to improve quality and expand services with new tools and capacities to meet the standards of the ESP principles for women and girls subject to violence. The ESP pilot activities have been implemented in Ben Tre province that aims to provide greater access to a set of good quality essential multi-sectoral services for all gender-based violence survivors. These essential services based on global guidelines are provided through the health, social services, police and justice sectors. This paper presents the finding of the end-line assessment of the two-year pilot project (2018-2019) implemented in Ben Tre province to measure achievements of improving access to health services and social services only to identify gaps and limitations that have to further improve to meet ESP standards.Findings of the assessment clearly show that the awareness on the available services and its use in the community has increased and the ESP program has started showing its impact on improving awareness, use and quality of services. In comparison to the baseline, the availability and access of health and essential social services at end-line showed a clear proportional improvement across all the components.

Mental Health of the Elder in Rural Central Vietnam (Case Studies in Rural Areas in Quang Ngai and Ha Tinh Provinces)

Tác giả: Lo Viet Phuong

Trang: 60-78

Abstract: This study uses the data of 307 older persons in rural Vietnam in 2017 to explore the mental health of the elderly in rural areas. The analysis results show that the physical health and diseases status of the elderly impact significantly on their mental health. The satisfaction with the economic conditions of the elder can also influence on their mental health. It is interesting to note that, family plays an important role in taking care of the spiritual life for the elderly. In addition, it can be seen that the community and community activities reveal significantly and positively influences on the elder’s mental health.

Barriers to Parent-Adolescent Communication: What do Insiders Say?

Tác giả: Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh

Trang: 49-59

Abstract: Research shows that the quality of the relationship between adolescents and their parents play a fundamental role in adolescents’ development and transition to autonomy and adulthood. One of the important indicators that reflects the quality of parent-adolescent relationship is their communication. Adolescent-parent communication is also an indicator of adolescent’s self-esteem, certain aspects of adolescent well-being and their coping strategies (Jackson,1998). However, there are some obstacles to parents-children communication, especially in adolescence period. Using qualitative data from a research conducted by Institute for Family and Gender Studies in 2021 in Ha Noi, this paper is to describe the factors affecting communication between parents and adolescents. Finding shows that adolescents tend to open up with mothers than father. Generation gap is an important factor making communication between parents and adolescent challenging. Moreover, increasing time spent on social media and Internet decreases the time adolescents spend for their interaction with parents and increase risk of parent-adolescent conflict. Time spending together can make parent - adolescent closer but in some cases, too much time can increase risk of conflict between them.

Parents' Care for Their Child's Mental Life: Rural Case of Vu Thu District, Thai Binh Province

Tác giả: Luong Thi Thu Trang

Trang: 34-48

Abstract: This article aims to find out how parents in the rural area of Vu Thu district, Thai Binh province care about their children's mental life. The analysis data is based on the author’s survey on “The current situation of child care in rural families in Vu Thu district, Thai Binh province” conducted from May to October 2020 on 3 rural communes of Vu Thu district, Thai Binh province. Questionnaire interviews were conducted with 412 parents of primary school age children (from 6 to 10 years old). The analysis results show that younger parents tend to take care of all their children's problems and take better care of their children than the older parents. Parents who are public servants tend to take better care of their children than parents of other occupational groups. More educated parents tend to spend more time with their children. The higher the standard of living, the better the children are mentally cared for. Women and mothers are expected to take the caregiving role and have the main responsibility for taking care of their children's mental life.

The Willingness of Urban Elders to Participate in Labor Market: Case Study in Hanoi, Vietnam

Tác giả: Phan Huyen Dan

Trang: 16-33

Abstract:Population aging has been identified as a clear trend since the turn of the century, followed by a decline in the labor market participation rate, reducing economic growth, while the state budget is unable to balance the tax revenue and financial support for the elderly. The elders face obstacles such as inadequate access to opportunities and resources including employment. These issues have triggered the requirement of productive ageing within the society. This study aims to understand the willingness to participate in the labour market of the current Vietnamese elder people. More specifically, it is to find out the elder people’s willingness to participate in the labour market based on the analyses of their resources such as information, education, income, psychological consciousness, that equip a person to utilize opportunities to be productive. It will also explain the interaction among these resources as well as their influence on the elderly’s willingness to participate in the labor market. The analyses are based on 20 indepth interviews of elder people living in Hanoi, Vietnam. The result confirms that there is a close relationship between elder people’s resources and their willingness to participate in the labour market. Practically, a better understanding of the elderly’s resources, in which some are easier to measure while some are important but hard to recognize, would be potential policy recommendations on the rational usage and preparation of labor resources among elder group, contributing to the "positive aging" process. Theoretically, this research is one of the first to determine the effects of one resource on another that lay the foundation of their agency in terms of their willingness for labor market participation.

Women’s Participation in Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation (The Case of Thanh Hoa Province)

Tác giả: Nguyen Thi Minh Huong, Nguyen Hoang Anh

Trang: 3-15

Abstract: Recently researches on impact of climate change (CC) to Vietnamese women have been conducted at various scale and gender equality has been taken into account in process of planning and implementing interventions in climate change adaptation; women have been taking active part in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation (DRR&CCA). However, their roles have not been recognized as much as their contribution. Based on theories relating to gender, environment and development and interaction between disaster, climate change and gender equality, the paper discusses role and the participation of women in community-based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaption. The paper uses secondary data and observation to analyzed the role women play in (2) planning and decision making at grassroots level, (2) technical assistance in disaster risk reduction, (3) capacity building, an (4) climate change adaption livelihoods. From the findings, authors recommend on how to promote women’s role and gender mainstreaming as a solution to promote gender equality in community based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaption activities.