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Chi tiết tạp chíNo. 1 - 2020

Impacts of Anthropogenic Marine Environmental Incidents on Household Livelihood Resilience: A Case Study in Ha Tinh Formosa 2016, Vietnam

Tác giả: Le Thi Hong Phuong, Truong Van Tuyen, Duong Ngoc Phuoc, Tran Cao Uy, Le Thi Thanh Thuy

Trang: 77-96

Abstract: The marine environmental incident (Formosa, 2016) has seriously affected the material and spiritual life of different households in Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, and Thua Thien Hue provinces. The study focuses on assessing impacts of the Formosa incident on physical and mental life and finding out appropriate solutions to the incident, aimed at improving livelihood resilience of the local households. We conducted in-depth interviews and surveyed 520 impacted households by using a semi-structure questionnaire. Obviously, the Formosa incident has impacted on all aspects related to livelihood of households. Our findings show that impacts of anthropogenic marine environmental incidents on the livelihood resilience includes fishing duration, material life, and household income. Besides, the perception of the levels of impacts, the labour capacity, and the capacity to rehabilitate the household economy are also considered important factors for assessment. Local households have applied a number of adaptation measures and received support from the government to overcome the impacts. They are really significant to improve the livelihood resilience of impacted households after the Ha Tinh Formosa incident.

Reasons for Marriage of Young Married Couples in Vietnam

Tác giả: Vu Thi Thanh

Trang: 65-76

Abstract: Basing on qualitative data collected in the separated in-depth interviews with 30 young married couples in Vietnam, the article explores the factors leading young couples to marriage. It shows that love seems to become dominant motivation for the establishment of their marriage. Love promotes their desires to building a marriage for living together and encourages them to overcome barriers against their relationship. In addition, there are influences of parents and specific circumstances encouraging them to marriage. Apart from love as key motivator of modern marriage, the article reflects influences of traditional custom which affect the establishment of the marriage of couple in contemporary Vietnam.

Living Arrangements of Older People and Determinants

Tác giả: Trinh Thai Quang

Trang: 38-64

Abstract: This paper describes the living arrangements of older people in Vietnam and factors that determine their living parttern using data from Vietnam National Ageing Survey 2011 with the sample of 2,789 older people. Findings indicate a majority of older people living in multigenerational households and a significant proportion of living alone. Older people who are in advanced age tend to live only with a spouse, only with a child or live alone; those who ever married tend to live in multigenerational households; household structure (large household, having grandchildren) facilitates living in multigenerational households while owning the home and having children living nearby encourage living alone.

Negative Mental Health Symptoms and Their Causes in Secondary School Students (A Case Study in Hanoi)

Tác giả: Dang Bich Thuy

Trang: 16-37

Abstract: The mental health of secondary school students and associated problems in school have been topics of interest in recent research on children. In 2019, the Institute for Family and Gender Studies (IFGS) led a case study in Hanoi with the aim of exploring the current mental health related issues of secondary school students. According to this study, a relatively high rate of these students struggle with mental health disorders, the most prevalent of which is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This is followed by emotional disorders which exhibit evidence of anxiety, depression and, especially, suicidal thoughts. Personal conduct problems and difficulties in relationships with peers are also recognised as common among the study’s sample of school students. The main causes of these negative mental health symptoms are related to the stress associated with academic pressure, school bullying, tensions in relationships with peers and teachers, family conflicts and parents’ behaviours toward their children. This paper aims to share the key findings of the study. The study findings and a number of comments included in this article are developed based on the contents presented by the author in the study’s full report.

The Participation of Women in Politics in Vietnam: Achievements, Challenges and Some Solutions in the New Period

Tác giả: Nguyen Huu Minh

Trang: 3-15

Abstract: The 2006 Law on Gender Equality has created an important legal framework to achieve the goal of gender equality in all areas of social and family life, including politics. Subsequently, in 2007 Politburo issued Resolution 11 to clarify the viewpoint on the work of female officials during the period of industrialization and modernization of the country and a number of specific targets on female officials. Over the past 10 years, there have been many implementation activities aimed at increasing the number and quality of female officials participating in leadership and management. Thanks to this, the participation of women in the political life of the country has achieved many good results. The percentage of women members in the Party’s Politburo and Central Committee has increased in the last three terms, and the percentage of women in the National Assembly has begun to increase. However, compared to the targets set in Resolution 11, almost none of the targets on gender equality in politics has been achieved. In some areas, the percentage of female leaders and managers has increased but it has not been stable. This paper points out some basic causes of the above limitations: awareness of the role of women; the implementation of policies for female officials; and personnel planning, preparation, training, and employment of female officials. From the analysis, the article proposes a number of solutions to increase women's participation in politics in the new period.