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43

2017578

Chi tiết tạp chíDec. 2023

Towards Universal Maternity Protection in Viet Nam - The Case of Multi-tiered Maternity Benefits

Tác giả: Nguyen Hai Dat, Dao Thi Vi Phuong

Trang: 3-26

Maternity protection is a key labour right of working women. International Labour standards are key references points in efforts to gradually expand maternity protection, which includes income security (through cash benefits), leave policies and effective access to good-quality maternal healthcare for pregnant women and mothers of newborns. Viet Nam’s maternity benefits are among the region’s most generous system in terms of duration and replacement rate. However, the main drawback of the maternity system in Viet Nam is its low coverage. Only workers in the compulsory social insurance system have access to maternity benefits. Lack of income security during the final stages of pregnancy and after childbirth forces many women, especially those in the informal economy, to keep working into the very late stages of pregnancy and/or to return to work prematurely, thereby exposing themselves and their children to significant health risks. In light of the coverage gaps and demographic projections, and as part of the country’s overall efforts to extend social protection, Viet Nam has committed to improving maternity protection for all working women. This paper aims to assess the current situation of maternity benefits in Viet Nam and the negative impacts of lack of income security during maternity benefits for women in the country, using the findings from the recent survey by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in collaboration with Viet Nam’s Women union. This paper proposes the development of a multi-tiered maternity benefits system, which is a combination of social insurance and non-contributory benefits, as the potential solutions to expand access to maternity benefits in Viet Nam.

The Effects of Vietnamese Online Newspapers on Gender Inequality: A Case Study of the Representation of Women Leaders in Vietnamnet and VnExpress

Tác giả: Nguyen Thuy Quynh

Trang: 27-49

Online newspapers have a key role in contemporary societies in shaping public opinion about women, and correspondingly, stereotyping them, especially women in leadership roles. In Vietnam, previous research has primarily focused on women leaders’ visibility in the media and stereotyped frames, leaving their roles when featured in news articles largely unexplored. This research proposes a multi-layered framework to understand how Vietnamese online newspapers represent women leaders and how this can create an additional challenge for women in general by examining 400 samples from Vietnamnet and VnExpress. Overall, women leaders’s voices are disproportionately featured in all fields. In addition, a discursive pattern is also found: a woman can only be seen as a successful leader when she can excel at business and family simultaneously. Such exclusion, misrepresentation, and discrimination in the news toward women leaders would send messages to audiences that women are not eligible to hold high positions and, therefore could deepen gender inequality and obscure challenges faced by women. The result suggests that journalists should shift their views on women leaders and involve more women in news articles as well as highlight gender inequality problems.

Gender Division of Labor in The Ede Ethnic Minority Group Families in Krong Jing Commune, M’Drak District, Dak Lak Province

Tác giả: Truong Thuy Hang, Bui Thi Thu, Nguyen Thi Nguyet, H No El Bya, Nguyen Thi Hue, Le Thi Hang

Trang: 50-64

This article is part of the findings from the research project titled "Strategic gender needs among the Ede ethnic minority group in the Krong Jing commune, M'Drak district, Dak Lak province" using qualitative and quantitative methods. Research findings show that the Ede ethnic minority group families are still matrilineal but the division of labor in the family is almost similar to the patriarchal society. Ede men mainly undertake responsibilities of the production and community role, while Ede women mainly undertake the reproductive tasks. As a result, Ede men have more chances to access and demonstrate their abilities in public space with opportunities to expand their knowledge and interact with others. At the same time Ede women are confined by private space that contains many barriers and limitations for personal development. This causes gender inequality as well as gives rise to strategic gender needs responsive to the foundation for harmonious development between husband and wife in the Ede ethnic minority families.

The Role of Family and Peers in Adolescent Deviant Behaviors (Case Study of two High Schools in Hanoi)

Tác giả: Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Phan Huyen Dan

Trang: 65-80

Adolescence is a distressing stage characterized by significant changes, including bodily changes, academic pressures, family dynamics, interpersonal conflicts and the demands of life. These factors can contribute to the occurrence of various deviant behaviors among adolescents if not effective controlled. Deviance in adolescence is often seen as a learning process, where adolescent acquire deviant behaviors from their close and intimate relationships. Family and peer groups are indeed the most influencing factors in adolescent deviance. This study, based on survey data collected in 2023 by the Institute for Family and Gender studies, aims to examine the frequency of deliquent behaviors and explore the association between family, deviant peers and adolescent deviance. The sample consisted of 600 adolescents aged 16-18 from rural and urban areas. Among four groups of deviant behaviors, namely drug assumption, deviance in social order, academic devianceand communicative deviance, communicative and academic deviance are two most populardeviant behaviors. The role of parents and peers in adolescent deviance is analysed through two aspects: the influence of parents/peers and their reaction to adolescent. This findings reveal that the percentage of adolescents having deviant peers is higher than the one of those who do not. Furthermore, in famillies where deviant behaviors occur more, there is a higher percentage of adolescents engaging in deviant behaviors. This study contributes to shed light on the frequency of deviant behaviors among adolescent and emphasize the importance of family and peer’s influences.

Gender Equality and Women’s Rights to Land in Uganda: A Long-Term Campaign

Tác giả: Nguyen Thi Thu Huong

Trang: 81-96

This paper discusses how feminist theories have been applied in the explanation of gender-based issues and how feminist activists develop different approaches and measures to address these issues. The paper discusses the challenges faced by women in Uganda in accessing land independently and the patriarchal lineage in land ownership patterns which heavily rely on women's relationships with their husband's family and clan. The paper also highlights the efforts of advocacy coalitions such as The Uganda Land Alliance (ULA) and the Uganda Women's Network (UWONET) in promoting women's property rights in the Ugandan Land Act Reform. By tracking the progress of Ugandan women activists' campaign to demand women's rights to land, the paper emphasizes the important role of feminist theories in forming their activism and underscores the need for pragmatic gender equality policies to bridge the existing gender gap.